Dr. Leonard Hofstadter, a physicist at Caltech, got his PhD at the age of 24 thanks to his 173 IQ.  Leonard lives with his best friend and co-worker Sheldon.

Leonard is definitely the most social of his nerd group of friends and has a crush on their neighbor, Penny.  Leonard went on a date wih Penny at the end of season one, but it didn't work out due to their insecurities.

During the third season of Big Bang, Leonard returned from his artic expedition with the guys and began dating Penny.

Leonard Hofstadter Quotes

Leonard: The more the merrier.
Sheldon: That's a false equivalency, more does not equal merry. If there were two thousand people in this apartment, would we be celebrating? No, we'd be suffocating.

Penny: What actor holds the record for being named People magazine's Sexiest Man Alive?
Sheldon: William Shatner!
Leonard: I don't think it's Shatner.
Sheldon: Then it's got to be Patrick Stewart

TBBT Quotes

Mrs. Cooper: Shelly! I'm so glad you're here!
Sheldon: I saw you having naked sex.

Penny: Here's a question-- as an alien pretending to be human, are you planning to engage in any post-prom mating rituals with Amy?
Sheldon: There are post-prom mating rituals?
Penny: Not always. Unless your date drives a van with an air mattress, then always.
Sheldon: Well, if it's part of the prom experience, then I'm open to it.
Penny: You're kidding.
Sheldon: I may be an alien, but I have urges.If Amy wants to copulate by firing her eggs into space, well, then, I will happily catch them with the reproductive sac on my upper flermin. I'm not the best at reading facial cues, but I can see that you're a little turned on.