Dr. Leonard Hofstadter, a physicist at Caltech, got his PhD at the age of 24 thanks to his 173 IQ.  Leonard lives with his best friend and co-worker Sheldon.

Leonard is definitely the most social of his nerd group of friends and has a crush on their neighbor, Penny.  Leonard went on a date wih Penny at the end of season one, but it didn't work out due to their insecurities.

During the third season of Big Bang, Leonard returned from his artic expedition with the guys and began dating Penny.

Leonard Hofstadter Quotes

Sheldon: You have to check your messages, Leonard! Leaving a message is one-half of a social contract, which is completed by the checking of the message. If that contract breaks down, then all social contracts break down and we descend into anarchy.
Leonard: It must be hell inside your head.
Sheldon: At times.

Look, you know, words don't always have to mean things.

Leonard

TBBT Quotes

Raj: Okay, here's another one: if a zombie bites a vampire, and the vampire bites a human, does the human become a vampire or a zombie? Or, a zompire?

Amy: Sheldon, there's something else I've been wanting to say, but before I do, I just... I want you to know that you don't have to say it back.I know you're not ready, and I don't want you to say it just because social convention dictates...
Sheldon: I love you, too.
Amy: You said it.
Sheldon: There's no denying I have feelings for you that can't be explained in any other way. I briefly considered that I had a brain parasite. But that seems even more far-fetched. The only conclusion was love.